Direct Impact® 40 mm Marking Crushable Foam Round

The 40mm Direct Impact® munition is a point-of-aim, point-of-impact direct-fire round. An excellent solution whether you need to incapacitate a single subject or control a crowd. When loaded with a green marking agent, the Direct Impact can be used to indicate the aggressor in a crowd or riot situation to the team on the ground.

Prop 65 Warning
  • The 40mm Direct Impact® munition travels at an average velocity of 305 feet per second (89.9 mps) with an effective range of 5 ft – 120 ft (1.52m – 36.6m).
  • This lightweight, high-speed projectile consists of a plastic body and a crushable foam nose.
  • The green foam nose indicates that the round contains a marking agent.
  • This munition is a point-of-aim, point-of-impact direct fire round which has passed extensive human effects assessments for blunt impact and penetration.
  • The 40 mm Direct Impact® Round is most commonly used by tactical teams in situations where greater accuracy and deliverable energy is desired for the incapacitation of an aggressive, non-compliant subject at longer distances.
  • Defense Technology® Direct Impact® munitions are produced in an ISO rated manufacturing facility.


Poor storage conditions will significantly reduce the shelf life of these chemical products resulting in the replacement of the munitions sooner than necessary or the possible use of defective products. Humidity and heat are the two most damaging factors that destroy chemical munitions.

The projectiles and grenades should be stored in a controlled atmosphere with temperatures between 60 degrees Fahrenheit to 75 degrees Fahrenheit with less than 60% relative humidity.
Munitions should remain sealed in their shipping containers until they are to be used or placed in a call out box.

Never store the grenades and projectiles in the trunk of a car for prolonged periods. The heat may cause the munitions to deteriorate. Exposure to high temperatures can cause the agent to melt, plugging the ports. The unit then has the potential for becoming a fragmentation grenade.

The worst situation for munitions is changes from extreme cold to hot or vice versa.

Storage for 24 hours or more is not recommended for temperatures below –20 degrees Fahrenheit especially in high moisture situations. The munitions may still perform but perhaps at a diminished level.

Black Powder rounds are more sensitive to cold than smokeless rounds.

Pyrotechnic grenades are the least sensitive to colder temperatures because of their chemical makeup.

Stored munitions should be inspected for physical integrity and a representative sample functioned twice a year. Munitions that have surpassed the warranty of 5 YEARS should be replaced.


The following information is intended only to provide general information for our customers. It is extremely important that anyone using our chemical products comply with all applicable environmental laws and regulations. We recommend that you consult with appropriate legal counsel or governmental authorities prior to disposing of any of our chemical products.

In 1976, Congress enacted a law entitled, The Resource Conservations and Recovery Act of 1976 (RCRA). This law was intended to protect human health and the environment from imprudent disposal of “hazardous wastes.”

Outdated or otherwise unusable pyrotechnic items are considered “hazardous waste” under RCRA and are assigned the EPA hazardous waste code of D00 1 due to their ignitable characteristic. Disposal of these items must be done in accordance with all applicable Federal and/or State laws. Many states have hazardous waste management programs that are much more stringent than Federal law. For this reason, you should check with the EPA Regional Office to determine to what extent these laws apply to you.

Color Code Abbreviation Chemical Odor Physiological Effects Chemical Classification
Orange OC Oleoresin Capsicum None
  • Affects respiratory system
  • Not as persistent as CS or CN
Red CN Chloroacetophenone Apple blossoms or cherries
  • Causes tearing / involuntary closure of eyes
  • Mild effects, short incapacitation
  • Stining / burning sensation to eyes, mouth, throat, nasal passages
  • 5 times more toxic than CS, but less effective
Blue CS Orthochlorobenzal-malononitrile Pungent and Peppery
  • Burning sensation to the skin
  • Causes tearing, tightness in chest, feeling of suffocation
  • 10 times more effective than CN
  • Possible mental disorientation
Green Marking N/A None N/A None
Black Inert N/A None N/A None